How to fix a Surface Book that won't turn on

Surface Book like the rest of its family uses a proprietary UEFI firmware developed by the company to enhance device protection, security, and functionality for supporting its hardware features and diagnostics. It will show an error message or an icon on the screen when it finds something wrong during the boot process. So you will know what is wrong and what you should do to fix the issue. That includes when the 2-in-1 laptop is overheating or has a low battery.

However, there are so many other causes that can also prevent your Surface Book from turning on. And some won’t show any messages or any signs on the screen. In this troubleshooting guide, we walk you through all possible issues and how to fix them with a step-by-step guide.

Table of contents

  1. Reasons Why Surface Book Won’t Turn On
  2. Surface Book Won’t Turn On: How to Fix It?
    1. Recharge Your Surface Book
    2. Check Your Surface Book Charger
    3. Remove Surface Book Accessories
    4. Waking up a Surface Book with Shortcut Keys or Buttons
    5. Soft Reset or Force Restart a Surface Book
    6. Contact Microsoft Technical Support

Reasons Why Surface Book Won’t Turn On

To help you determine the issue that stops your Surface Book from turning on, here are the typical causes starting with the most familiar and straightforward to fix.

  • Overheating – Your Surface Book can be overheated after playing games or excessive use in a hot environment or under direct sunlight. When the temperature reaches a peak temperature, your Surface Book will shut down and temporarily refuses to turn on until the device temperature returns to an optimal temperature. In this situation, you see a thermometer icon when you try to turn it on.Surface Book is overheating
  • The battery is too low – It happens when you don’t use your laptop for an extended period. Or there is a battery draining issue on your Surface Book. Unlike traditional laptops, the Surface has its new modern standby feature to keep your tablet life updated even if it’s in sleep mode. When in normal condition, it barely drains the battery. However, some traditional software processes may prevent your Surface Book from going to standby mode. In this situation, you’ll see a low battery icon when you try to turn it on.Surface Book is low on battery
    NoteIf the battery is empty, you can expect nothing to appear on the screen when you try to turn it on.
  • Surface Book charging issue – If you’ve tried to charge your Surface Book and it still won’t turn on, it could be an issue with the charger and cable. The original Surface power supply has an LED on the connector at the end of the cable. The LED will light up when it’s charging. Inversely, a flashing light or no light at all means it’s not charging.Surface Book charging issue
  • Faulty-connected accessories – There is a chance that some faulty accessories can prevent your Surface Book from turning on. The laptop might detect a shorted circuit inside those accessories and refuses to turn on. Another possibility is a connected USB drive or SD card containing bootable files that your Surface Book might attempt to boot.Surface Book stuck on MS logo screen
  • Stuck in standby or sleep mode – Some un-optimized background processes might prevent your Surface Book from waking up when you press the power button or keyboard.
  • Dead battery – It could happen when you regularly use your Surface Book for years. Your battery might wear and stop holding enough charge to turn on your device.
  • Hardware issue – Most faulty hardware components will likely interrupt the booting process. Among those, the motherboard is the most crucial part of a system. If there is a loose cable, connector, or faulty components on the mainboard, you’ll need an expert or contact Microsoft for repair.

Surface Book Won’t Turn On: How to Fix It?

Now it’s time to resolve your Surface Book issue that won’t wake up or turn on. When you press the power button and see only a black screen, one of the following solutions will help your Surface Book to turn on again.

1 Recharge Your Surface Book

One of the most common reasons your Surface Book can’t turn on is the battery running out of juiced. Microsoft has designed multi-level protection features from Windows to the device’s firmware to prevent your Surface Book from turning on to guard its battery against wear or dead on.

To solve this issue, you need to recharge your Surface Book using the original charger which came with your Surface or any compatible power adapters. To do so:

Charge a Surface Book for 15 minutes

  1. Plug your Surface charger into an outlet.
  2. Plug the Surface charging cable into your Surface Book charging (Surface Connect) port. The port is on the right side of the base.
  3. Leave it on charge for 5 to 15 minutes, depending on how powerful the charger is. Try to turn it on again by pressing the power button.

If your Surface Book keeps failing to turn on, leave it on charge for an hour and try again. If it fails again, follow the next step to check the Surface power supply and cable.

2 Check Your Surface Book Charger

If your Surface Book doesn’t turn on after you tried plugging in the charger in the previous solution, it could be an issue with your Surface Book’s charger adapter, connector, or cable.

To verify that, you can check the LED light on the end of the connector. When you plug in an original charging cable, the LED will light up to let you know if your Surface Book is properly charging. Otherwise, check the following solutions.

Surface Book charging check steps

  • Solution 1 – Reverse the charging connector: The Surface charging connector is magnetic and reversible. If there are some loose or don’t firmly connect on one side, you can try to turn it upside down and connect it again. Check the LED if it lights up or not.
  • Solution 2 – Check your power cord: Verify that the Surface charger power cord is connected firmly to the power socket. And the power outlet is connected to a power source and turned on.
  • Solution 3 – Check your Surface charger: High power Surface charger has a detachable AC plug. Make sure the connector is firmly attached.
  • Solution 4 – Clean your Surface charging connector: Unplug your charger from the outlet and your Surface. Use a dry tissue to rub around the connector pins. Make sure there is no rusty and dirt.
  • Solution 5 – Try another charger: Original Surface charger is cross-compatible among all Surface devices except the original Surface RT/2/3 and Surface Pro/Pro 2. If you have a charger from Surface Go, Pro, or Laptop with the same connector, it will be 100% compatible with your Surface Book.
Note Both Surface Book 2 and Surface Book 3 have a USB-C port that supports charging with a Power Delivery compatible charger or power bank.

3 Remove Surface Book Accessories

To make sure none of the connected Surface Book’s accessories interrupts the booting process, try to remove each accessory one by one and turn it on:

  1. Remove all connected storage devices, including USB drives and SD cards.
  2. If you use Surface Dock, disconnect it from your Surface Book and charge with a charger instead.
  3. Detach Surface Book’s clipboard section from its base by pressing and holding the Eject key until you hear the clicking sound. Then pull the tablet to detach it from the base.
    Eject key to detach tablet from Surface Book base
  4. Disconnect peripherals from all ports, including the charger.

If your Surface Book turns on successfully, the last accessory you remove may be the problem.

4 Waking up a Surface Book with Shortcut Keys or Buttons

If you have an outdated OS build, drivers, or firmware, you might face issues that Microsoft hasn’t addressed lately. Your Surface Book can get stuck while it’s in sleep mode. Microsoft recommends waking up your Surface Book using a keyboard shortcut or pressing the tablet buttons.

  1. Waking up Surface Book with a keyboard shortcut. On an integrated keyboard or external keyboard,  press the following keys:
    Win + Ctrl + Shift + B
    Force Wake Up a Surface Book from sleep
  2. Waking up Surface Book in tablet mode – You can also use a button combination on the Surface Book tablet by quickly pressing both the Volume-up and Volume-down buttons on the tablet three times.
    Force Wake Up a Surface Book by pressing tablet buttons

If it works, don’t forget to update your Surface Book to the latest updates that are available through Windows Updates.

5 Soft Reset or Force Restart a Surface Book

If your Surface Book refuses to wake up or turn on after following the steps above, there is a way to force a shutdown on your Surface Book.

ImportantThis process might result in data loss if you have unsaved documents that don’t have the automatic saving feature turned on.

To perform a force shutdown on Surface Book 2 and Surface Book 3 :

Force shutdown and restart a Surface Book

  • Press and hold the power button until your Surface Book shutdown and restarts to the Windows logo. It takes about 20 seconds, then releases the power button.

To perform a force shutdown on an original Surface Book:

Force Shutdown and Restart on Surface Book 1st Gen

  1. Press and hold the power button for about 30 seconds, then release it.
  2. Press and hold both the volume-up and power buttons for about 15 seconds until the screen turns off. Then release the buttons.
    ImportantYou might see the Surface logo flashing while holding down the buttons. Keep holding for at least 15 seconds.
  3. Wait ten seconds after releasing the buttons. Now it’s completely turned off.
  4. Press and release the power button to turn on your Surface Book.

6 Contact Microsoft Technical Support

If you’ve tried all the steps above and have had no luck with it, your Surface Book might have a dead battery or hardware issue. You should contact the store you purchased the Surface Book from or contact your local Microsoft Store for technical support. Alternatively, Microsoft also provides an online device service and repair portal where you can request a repair order for your Surface Book. To do so:

  • Go to
  • Sign in with your Microsoft Account.
  • Expand a registered Surface model you want to make a repair order.
  • Select Info and support.
    Select a Surface device you want check info and support information
  • Select Start order.
    Start an order for your select Surface device
  • Choose “Device” from the “Category” options.
  • Choose “Will not turn on” from the “Issue type” options.
  • Describe your issue in the textbox and click Next.
    Complete service and repair order information
  • Follow the instruction to fill out your shipping address and other information.